Strategies to Increase Milk Production
Address Nutritional Factors
- Provide 20 to 25 kgs of green fodder. Don’t just provide only one variety of green fodder – try to mix legumes such as hedge lucerne, cow pea along with regular fodder such as C04, Sorghum, etc. Chaff the green fodder – this will increase the nutritional intake as well as reduce wastage.
- Provide 10 kgs of dry fodder. It is advised to provide dry fodder after evening milking.
- Provide 4 kgs of concentrate feed – increase this quantity for high milkers. Don’t use just 1 variety of dhana – try to mix 1 oil cake such as cotton seed cake, groundnut cake or whatever locally available, 1 grain as maize powder and 1 husk such as black gram husk, paddy husk, etc. Soaking this overnight will ferment the feed and increase the nutritional intake.
- Provide 50 grams mineral mixture – this is very important. If you do not provide provide mineral mixture it will result in micro-nutrient deficiency which will decrease milk yield as well cause reproductive issues.
- Provide 30 liters of hygienic/clean water.
Address Stress Factors
- Follow exact routine everyday.
- Wash the animals twice a day.
- Make sure the dung is cleared thrice a day.
- Make sure the animals are not beaten or threatened.
- Make sure there no mosquitoes in the shed.
- Always milk at the same time and by the same person.
- If the milker takes too long to milk the entire milk, then also milk yield will reduce.
- Make sure to deworm the animals regularly. Worms in the stomach will drastically reduce milk yield.
- Do not tie animals in direct sunlight. Allowing the animal to freely graze for at least few hours will increase the metabolism and also the animal will be happy – a happy animal produces more milk yield.
The lactation cycle
Following calving, a cow may start producing 10 kg/d of milk, rise to a peak of 20 kg/d by about 7 weeks into lactation then gradually fall to 5 kg/d by the end of lactation. Although her maintenance requirements will not vary, she will need more dietary energy and protein as milk production increases then less when production declines. However to regain body condition in late lactation, she will require additional energy.
Cows usually use their own body condition for about 12 weeks after calving, to provide energy in addition to that consumed. The energy released is used to produce milk, allowing them to achieve higher peak production than would be possible from their diet alone. To do this, cows must have sufficient body condition available to lose, and therefore they must have put it on late in the previous lactation or during the dry period.
From Calving to Peak Lactation
Peak Lactation to Peak Intake
Mid and Late lactation
Persistency of Milk Production
The Rate of Decline From Peak
Efficiency of Feed Rations
Metabolism for Milk Production
- Produces, stores and uses glucose, the most important source of energy in the body.
- Synthesizes fatty acids, triglycerides, ketones and cholesterol, and prevents fatty infiltrations.
- Regulates the rate at which fatty acids circulate.
- Balances protein biosynthesis and degradation.
- Ensures vitamin storage and redistribution to the tissues.