Dairy cows are very sensitive to heat stress, which can significantly impact economics for the producer, not only by lost productivity and milk quality.
Silage preparation is the most important and innovative way to preserve the green fodder and it is done when available plenty.
By-pass is that protein which by-passes Rumen without degradation and is digested further in the digestive tract.
Feeding Bypass Fat can help in improving milk production and reproduction. It helps in overcoming this negative energy balance phenomenon.
The ration should be fed in a way that the cows do not lose or gain too much weight and ration balancing for heifers is important.
Feeding urea has been fed in ruminant rations for more than 100 yr. Its use in dairy cattle rations has fluctuated with protein and urea prices.
The cows basal diet should consist of good quality roughages, although these are not very high in energy density.
Concentrate feeding is required only when the roughage quality is very poor and unable to provide adequate energy.
Fibre quality in feed is a particularly important component of the diet, it represent a significant source of energy for cows and also helps to support health.
Digestion occurs primarily in two ways. Rumen-degradable proteins are digested in the rumen by microbes and converted to ammonia
Rumen Acidosis In a normal, healthy rumen, lactic acid production equals lactic acid use. Thus, lactic acid is rarely detectable in a healthy rumen. However, a number of different factors…
One of the ways to reduce cost of feeding cows without compromising their health is to consider innovative ways of feeding vegetable waste as cattle feed.
Introduction Despite being largest producer of milk, in India there acute shortage of feed and fodder for dairy animals. Shortage of dry fodder, green fodder and concentrate has been estimated…